Ermine Street |
Wimpole and Arrington War Memorial
Roman Lead Coffin with Pieclay Figurines from Arrington, Cambridgeshire. |
Britannia Volume 24, 1993. 36pp
Summary: Details of the excavation,
carried out in advance of pipelaying, and the coffin itself are followed by descriptions
of 'The Pipeclay Figurines' by Miranda Green (194–201). 'The Skeleton' by Corrine
Duhig (201–2) was found to be that of an infant not more than one year old, thought
to have died as a result of hydrocephalus. Analyses of the remains include 'The
Human Hair' by Don Brothwell (202–3), 'The Textile Fabric' by Elisabeth Crowfoot
(203), 'The Dyes' by P Walton Rogers (203–4), 'The Textile Fibres' by M L Ryder
(204–5), 'Fibre Identification' by W D Cooke (205–7), and analyses of what is
thought to be the remains of incense in 'Aromatic Resins' by Alison Taylor (207–8).
'Appendix I: Roman Lead Coffins' (209–12) includes a gazetteer of lead coffins
in Britain reported since 1976. 'Appendix II-Roman Burials in Cambridgeshire'
(212–25) also provides a gazetteer.
- Origin of Parish/Village Name |
Arrington is derived from the Earningas who were a group or tribe of people
who lived in Armingford [the ancient district roughly covering Arrington,
East Hatley, Steeple Morden, Royston, Melbourn, Whaddon and points between]
in Anglo-Saxon times. |
|The suffix tun or ton,
originally fence or enclosure in Anglo-Saxon, broadened its meaning to become
"homestead" and finally "collection of homesteads," or "village";
the suffix inga, combined with a personal name, indicated the followers
or kinsmen of a leader. |
|So Arrington can be fairly
be explained as 'Earna's village', 'the village of the Earnlings' or 'farmstead
of the family or followers of a man called Earn(a)'. |
earliest known forms of 'Arrington' are Earnningtone (in an Anglo-Saxon will of
c950), Oarningetune and Erlingtona (in documents allied to the Domesday Survey)
and Erlingtona or Aerningetun (in the Domesday Book itself, 1086).
Similar -ingatun names are found elsewhere in South Cambridgeshire and are usually
associated with the earliest period of English settlement. |
the thirteenth century Arrington had virtually acquired its modern form as Aring(e)ton(e).
The Anglo-Saxon name for the
Roman road 'that passed through the land of the Earningas' was 'Earninga Straete
(1012). This became Ermine Street
. Thus 'Arrington'
and 'Ermine Street' are both Anglo-Saxon names that share a similar origin.
- Origin of Surname|
|As far as it can be
determined from church records, no-one with the family name of Arrington has been
recorded as living in the parish of Arrington.|
surname Arrington is certainly recorded in Cambridgeshire and London from the
sixteenth century in parish records and it probably originated in the form 'of
or from Arrington'. Early examples include Margareta Arrington who married Randulus
Pate at Elsworth in Cambridgeshire in 1529 and Thomas Arrington who married Amicia
Shingleton in 1583 at St Botolphs Church in Cambridge. An early London example
was John Arington (as spelt), who married Margaret Grynne at St Dunstans, Stepney
in 1574. |